It has become certain that there is water on the dwarf planet Ceres, located in the Asteroid Belt in the Solar System. Scientists who have detected that there is a vapor cloud exit from two regions in Ceres to space, these clouds, which are thought to erupt from volcano-like structures made up of ice called geysers, are the first evidence that water is present on the planet. He stressed that he had conclusive proof.
The research, conducted by the scientific team led by Michael Küppers from the European Space Agency, has been published in the journal Nature. According to the study published in the journal, it has been reported that there has been a large amount of water on the planet for 30 years.
"This is the first detection of water on Ceres and generally in the Asteroid Belt," Küppers said in a statement regarding the discovery, made with the help of ESA's Herschel Space Observatory.
Depending on the definition, Ceres, a dwarf planet in the Solar System or the largest asteroid in the Asteroid Belt, takes its name from the Roman mythology goddess of agriculture, Seres.
First discovered by the Italian priest and astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi in 1801, Ceres, with a diameter of 950 kilometers, is 2,8 celestial units from the sun. The term celestial unit refers to a distance of 150 million kilometers, which is the average distance between the earth and the sun.
A study was published in 1991 that found water in the form of hydroxide, a water solubility, on Ceres, but this finding could not be confirmed in later research. The discovery of Küppers et al. confirmed this scientific research.