Most Common Diseases and Precautions in Travel. Along with the increase in national and international traffic in the world, travel-related diseases are increasingly seen and are now an important public health problem. Kadıköy Şifa Ataşehir Hospital Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Dr. Nermin Etiz talks about the diseases you may encounter during your travels and the precautions you can take!
Every year, the World Health Organization (WHO) regularly reports infections in countries to the whole world. In , it publishes reports of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever.
It will be possible to reduce or even eliminate travel diseases with simple precautions to be taken for both business and leisure travels. In addition to infections seen in countries, WHO determines which vaccines are mandatory and which vaccines are recommended for general or risk situations to prevent these infections.
Don't forget to get vaccinated before you travel!
The recommended vaccine or vaccinations to protect against infectious diseases must be made before the trip (at least a few months before the trip). Because the immune response usually occurs in 3-4 weeks in vaccinated people, this period varies depending on the immune status of the person, the vaccine and the dose of the vaccine.
Vaccination list for diseases that can be seen in travel:
• Hepatitis A
• Hepatitis B
• Polio, Diphtheria
• Influenza (flu)
• Measles – Rubella – Mumps
• yellow fever
Meningococcal meningitis vaccine and yellow fever vaccine are mandatory vaccines and must be made and documented before traveling (at least 10 days before).
Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Polio, Diphtheria, Tetanus and tuberculosis vaccines are recommended for everyone. Other vaccines are those recommended according to the risk in the destination country.
WHO reports that prophylactic anti-infective drugs should be started in order to prevent infections in the country of destination together with the infections that occur in the countries and the recommended vaccines. For example, malaria (Plasmodium falciparum) is still seen in many sub-Saharan African countries, and it is therefore emphasized that anti-malarial treatment should be started before traveling to these countries.
Along with vaccination, hygiene rules should also be observed!
It should be known that in terms of travel health, only vaccination and prophylactic drug use are not sufficient to protect against infectious diseases. At the same time, as always, it is very important to fully comply with the general health rules and personal hygiene rules.
As a result, travelers should apply to health centers or travel information centers at least 4 – 6 weeks before they travel, in order to get information about infections related to the destination country and to have recommended/mandatory vaccinations so that they can travel without any problems in terms of infectious diseases.