Tutankhamun or Tutankhamen (in Egyptian: twt-ˁnḫ-ı͗mn, in the sense of the living picture of Amun or in honor of Amun), Egyptian pharaoh. It reigned between 1332 BC and 1323 BC.
His real name is Tutankhaton. For the first time in Egypt, establishing the monotheism of Aten, IV. He is the son of Amenotep. When his father died, he married the half-sister of another mother, Ankhesenamen, and ascended the throne. In the early years of his reign, there was a return to Egypt's ancient polytheistic religion. He took the name Tutankhamun instead of the name Tutankhaton. Thus, IV. The Aten religion founded by Amenhotep was extinguished. The age of Tutankhamun passed peacefully. After this king, who died at a very young age, Ay, who was a vizier to his father and a regent to himself, came to the throne by marrying the widow queen.
It was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter. Tutankhamon's tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings. Except for Tutankhamun's mummy, those exhumed are exhibited in the Cairo museum. His tomb was exhibited in London in 1972 and later in the USA.
The legend of Tutankhamun
The tomb of King Tutankhamun is quite flashy compared to the tombs of other kings. The reason for the unusual death of Tutankhamun at a young age is not known even today. As if Tutankhamen was buried in a hurry. According to some researchers, the grave was being prepared for a noble, but at the time Tutankhamen died when he died. However, since the mummy's skull is behind the left ear, the current situation by Egyptian scientists is the thesis that Tutankhamun's general, Horemheb, might have hit the back of the skull with a hard object in order to take over the administration.
The tomb of Tutankhamen consists of two rooms and a staircase leading down to the first room. In the first room, a horse-drawn carriage, the throne of Tutankhamen and the priceless works that Tutankhamon used while alive were found. When this room was found, Howard Carter and his friends, who thought that it should have been a grave because the room was located in the Valley of the Kings, hit the walls of the room and searched for the spaces behind the wall. Finally, a gap was found and the wall was broken. A room behind the wall had a huge wooden box that looked like a new room. The box was sealed. Howard Carter had seen the seal - the best thing he'd ever seen and see in his life. Under the solid gold in a sarcophagus, the coffin glowed even by candlelight. Even though Howard Carter provided him with a good career with this discovery, no one but a couple participated in his funeral while he died in poverty and forgetfulness.
The curse began when Carter's beloved canary was defeated by a cobra snake, which was considered the symbol of Egypt for an unknown reason. After a while, the death of Lord Carnavron, who paid for the excavation works, caused a great echo in Cairo due to blood poisoning and there was an influx of tourists. In addition, the death of some people entering the grave from a febrile illness also initiated a superstition called the curse of the pharaoh.
It draws attention in the writings found in the sarcophagus of Pharaoh as a hieroglyph; Whoever touches the pharaoh's grave will be surrounded by the wings of death.
- Father: IV. Became Amenhotep (Akhenaten).
- Mother: Princess Kia
- Siblings: Smenkhkare
- Spouse: Ankhesenpaaten
- Sons: none
- Daughters: none
- Birth name: Tutankhaton
- Self-chosen name: Tutankhamun
- Throne name: Neb-cheperu-Rê (Neb-xprw-Ra)