Today in the History of Science: First SPAM Message Sent

What does spam mean?
What does spam mean?

May 3 is the 123st day of the year (124nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 242.

Today in the History of Science

  • May 3, 1375 BC The oldest recorded solar eclipse inscribed on a clay tablet recovered from the ancient Syrian city of Ugarit took place.
  • May 3, 1933 American physicist and Nobel Prize winner Steven Weinberg was born.
  • May 3, 1978 - For the first time in history, bulk messages are sent over a computer network. These commercial advertising messages, later called spam, were sent to every address on the Arpanet network then used in the USA.
  • May 3, 2018 American physics professor David Pines died.

Events

  • 1907 – Fenerbahçe Sports Club was founded.
  • 1915 – Ariburnu Victory was won.
  • 1920 – The first Council of Ministers of the Turkish Grand National Assembly was established. The Board of Executive Deputies held its first meeting under the chairmanship of Mustafa Kemal.
  • 1934 – One of the first batch of six fighters built at the Kayseri Aircraft Factory arrived in Ankara from Kayseri with a 50-minute flight.
  • 1935 – The flight school, which was established under the name of "Türkkuşu" within the body of the Turkish Aeronautical Association, became operational.
  • 1937 - Written by American author Margaret Mitchell Gone With the Wind The novel won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
  • 1944 – May 3 Events were commemorated and Turkism Day was declared
  • 1947 – In Japan, World War II. After World War II, the newly prepared Japanese Constitution entered into force.
  • 1950 – Founded by Ali Naci Karacan, Milliyet newspaper began publication.
  • 1951 – The Democrat Party asked to expand religious education in the Parliamentary Group.
  • 1956 – Gima Food and Necessities Company was established.
  • 1960 – The Commander of the Land Forces, General Cemal Gürsel, sent a letter to the Minister of National Defense Ethem Menderes to warn the Government.
  • 1968 – The revolt that broke out in Paris Sorbonne University lasted for more than a month and spread throughout France. As a result, the Assembly was dissolved, and many civilians and policemen lost their lives.
  • 1969 – In the funeral ceremony of the President of the Supreme Court İmran Öktem in Ankara Maltepe Mosque; A large crowd tried to prevent the funeral prayer from being held, and mosque officials avoided performing their duties.
  • 1972 – The DC-9 type “Bosphorus” passenger plane, which made the Ankara-Istanbul expedition, was hijacked to Sofia, together with 61 passengers and 5 crew, by four activists.
  • 1972 - Middle East Newspaper started its broadcasting life.
  • 1973 – Construction of the Sears Tower (Willis Tower) in Chicago was completed and registered as the tallest tower in the world. (It is still the tallest building in the USA and the 5th tallest building in the world today.)
  • 1979 - Margaret Thatcher is elected British Prime Minister. Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister in British history.
  • 1986 – It was announced that the radioactive clouds formed after the Chernobyl nuclear accident also reached Turkey and the radiation increased seven times in some regions.
  • 1989 – In the 2nd match of the quarter-finals of the Turkish Cup, Fenerbahçe left the Galatasaray match with a score of 3-0, falling behind in the first half, with a 4-3 victory in the second half.
  • 1993 – The United Nations decided on 20 December 1993 to celebrate 3 May each year as World Press Freedom Day.
  • 1997 – Flash TV, Istanbul studio was raided by an armed group.
  • 2008 – According to a report by the International Committee to Protect Journalists, 2007 journalists were killed in 65. Of the nearly 15 journalists killed in the past 500 years, only 75 of their killers have been found. According to the report, the most dangerous areas for journalists in the world are; Iraq, Sierra Leone and Somalia.

Births

  • 612 – III. Constantine, Byzantine Empire (d. 641)
  • 1469 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian writer and politician (d. 1527)
  • 1620 – Bogusław Radziwiłł, Polish prince (d. 1669)
  • 1661 – Antonio Vallisneri, Italian medical doctor, physician, and naturalist (d. 1730)
  • 1670 – Nikolas Mavrokordatos, chief translator of the Ottoman State, voivode of Wallachia and Moldavia (d. 1730)
  • 1678 – Amaro Pargo, Spanish pirate (d. 1747)
  • 1761 – August von Kotzebue, German playwright and author (d. 1819)
  • 1849 – Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1898 – Golda Meir, Israel's first female Prime Minister (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Georges Politzer, French Marxist writer and philosopher (d. 1942)
  • 1906 Mary Astor, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Pete Seeger, American human rights activist and singer (d. 2014
  • 1921 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Luce Irigaray, French feminist theorist, psychoanalyst, and literary theorist
  • 1931 – Aldo Rossi, Italian architect and designer (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Sait Maden, Turkish poet, translator, publisher, painter, photographer and graphic designer (d. 2013)
  • 1933 James Brown, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Steven Weinberg, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 2021)
  • 1934 – Jahn Otto Johansen, Norwegian journalist, editor, reporter, and author (d. 2018)
  • 1938 – Omar Abdurrahman, Egyptian Islamic leader (d. 2017)
  • 1942 – Věra Čáslavská, Czech gymnast (d. 2016)
  • 1945 – Arleta, Greek musician (d. 2017)
  • 1949 – Alain Lacabarats, French lawyer
  • 1950 – Mary Hopkin, Welsh folk singer
  • 1954 – Serruh Kaleli, Turkish lawyer and Member of the Constitutional Court
  • 1959 – Roger Agnelli, Brazilian banker, corporate executive, and businessman (d. 2016)
  • 1961 - Steve McClaren is a former English football player and manager.
  • 1961 – Leyla Zana, Turkish politician of Kurdish origin
  • 1965 – Mark Cousins, Irish director and film critic
  • 1965 – Ignatius II. Ephram, Patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church
  • 1965 – Mikhail Prokhorov, Russian billionaire entrepreneur
  • 1971 – Mehmet Aycı, Turkish poet and essayist
  • 1971 - Wang Yan, Chinese hiker
  • 1977 – Maryam Mirzahani, Iranian mathematician (d. 2017)
  • 1978 – Paul Banks, English-American musician
  • 1980 – Alper Tezcan, Turkish football player
  • 1982 – Ayçin İnci, Turkish TV and movie actress
  • 1983 – Romeo Castelen, Surinamese-Dutch national football player
  • 1983 – Márton Fülöp, Hungarian former football player (d. 2015)
  • 1985 – Ezequiel Lavezzi, Argentine football player
  • 1987 – Damla Sonmez, Turkish actress
  • 1989 – Katinka Hosszú, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1990 – Brooks Koepka, American professional golfer
  • 1993 – Nilay Deniz, Turkish actress, model and model
  • 1994 – Famoussa Koné, Malian football player
  • 1995 – Ivan Bukavshin, Russian chess player (d. 2016)
  • 1996 – Alex Iwobi, Nigerian national football player
  • 1996 – Domantas Sabonis is a Lithuanian professional basketball player.
  • 1997 - Designer, an American hip hop artist

Deaths

  • 762 – Xuanzong, seventh emperor of China's Tang Dynasty (b. 685)
  • 1270 – IV. Bela, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1235 to 1270 (b. 1206)
  • 1481 – Mehmet the Conqueror, 7th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1432)
  • 1570 – Pietro Loredan is the 26th ducal president of the Republic of Venice with the title of “Doche” between 1567 November 3 and 1570 May 84 (b. 1482)
  • 1758 – Pope XIV. Benedict, pope from August 17, 1740 to May 3, 1758 (b. 1675)
  • 1856 – Adolphe Adam, French composer (b. 1803)
  • 1923 – Ernst Hartwig, German astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1925 – Clément Ader, French aviator (b. 1841)
  • 1951 – Homero Manzi, Argentine poet, politician, screenwriter, and film director (b. 1907)
  • 1959 – Zeki Kocamemi, Turkish painter (b. 1900)
  • 1961 – Maurice Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 1963 – Abdülhak Şinasi Hisar, Turkish poet and writer (b. 1887)
  • 1969 – Zakir Hussein, 3rd President of India (b. 1897)
  • 1969 – Karl Freund, German cinematographer and director (b. 1890)
  • 1970 – Cemil Gürgen Erlertürk, Turkish football player and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1975 – Ecvet Güresin, Turkish journalist and politician (b. 1919)
  • 1976 – David Bruce, American film actor (b. 1914)
  • 1981 – Nargis, Indian film actor (b. 1929)
  • 1987 – Dalida, Egyptian-born Italian singer (lived and died in France) (b. 1933)
  • 1991 – Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American writer (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Narciso Yepes, Spanish classical guitarist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Gene Sarazen, American golfer (b. 1902)
  • 2002 – Mehmet Keskinoğlu, Turkish poet, theater, cinema and voice actor (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – Anthony Ainley, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Karel Appel, Dutch painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo, Spanish politician and former Spanish prime minister (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Jale Derviş, Turkish Cypriot musician and pianist (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Cedric Brooks, Jamaican musician and saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Gary Becker, American sociologist and economist (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Revaz Chheidze, Soviet Georgian film director (b. 1926)
  • 2016 – Abel Fernandez, American actress (b. 1930)
  • 2016 – Marianne Gaba, American actress, model, and playboy (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Kaname Harada, Japanese fighter pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2017 – Michel bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, Saudi Arabian Crown Prince, businessman and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Daliah Lavi, Israeli actress, singer, and model (b. 1942)
  • 2017 – Yumeji Tsukioka, Japanese actress (b. 1922)
  • 2018 – Afonso Dhlakama, Mozambican politician (b. 1953)
  • 2018 – David Pines, American professor of physics (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Gorō Shimura, Japanese mathematician and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Selma Barkham, British-Canadian female geographer and historian (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Ömer Döngeloğlu, Turkish theologian and writer (b. 1968)
  • 2020 – Rosalind Elias, American opera singer (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – John Ericson, German-American stage, film and television actor (b. 1926)
  • 2020 – Dave Greenfield, English keyboardist, singer and songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 2020 – Tendol Gyalzur, Tibetan-Swiss humanist known for founding the first private orphanage in Tibet (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Mohamed Ben Omar, Nigerian politician (b. 1965)
  • 2021 – Rafael Albrecht, Argentinean former international football player (b. 1941)
  • 2021 – María Colombo de Acevedo, Argentine politician (b. 1957)
  • 2021 – Hamid Rashid Maʽala, Iraqi politician (b. ?)
  • 2021 – Burhanettin Uysal, Turkish academic, police officer and politician (b. 1967)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Asthma Day (2016)
  • World Press Freedom Day
  • World Electrical and Electronics Engineers Day
  • Withdrawal of Greek troops from Kaynarca district of Sakarya (1921)

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