Today in the History of Science: Albert Einstein Publishes Quantum Theory and Light Analysis Paper

albert einstein relativity
albert einstein relativity

June 9 is the 160nd day of the year (161rd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 205.

Today in the History of Science

  • On June 9, 1905, Albert Einstein published Max Planck's analysis of quantum theory and its application to light. His article was published in Annalen der Physik. Despite the lack of any experimental work, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for these insights.
  • June 9, 1928 - Australian pilot Charles Kingsford Smith crossed the Pacific for the first time in his plane.
  • On June 9, 1931, Robert Goddard patented a rocket-fueled airplane design.

Olaylar

  • 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries his half-sister, Empress Claudia Octavia.
  • 68 - Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide.
  • 1617 – The Blue Mosque, which was built by Architect Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa between 1609 and 1616, was opened to worship in the square named by Sultan Ahmet I in Istanbul.
  • 1660 – XIV in Saint-Jean-de-Luz. Louis and Marie Therese were married.
  • 1815 – Congress of Vienna ends.
  • 1910 - Seda-i Millet newspaper's editor-in-chief, Ahmet Samim, was killed in Istanbul.
  • 1921 – The ammunition to be used in the War of Independence begins to land from İnebolu and be taken to the front.
  • 1942 – In the competition opened for Anıtkabir, Prof. Emin Onat and Orhan Arda's projects came first.
  • 1950 - Adnan Menderes was elected as the Chairman of the Democrat Party
  • 1955 – 4 Americans accused of tearing up the Turkish flag were acquitted in the trial.
  • 1959 - The first nuclear-armed submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.
  • 1980 – Eighth devaluation in six months; The value of the Turkish lira decreased by 5,5-8,8 percent.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the 12 September 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979- 12 September 1980): In Iskenderun, left-wing militant Ali Aktaş (Ağtaş) fired a gun in front of the house to get a right-wing man out of his house with his wife and children. He opened fire and killed the person he was waiting for as soon as he got out.
  • 1997 – Malta Airlines flight from Valletta to Istanbul was hijacked to Cologne by İsmail Beyazpınar and Nusret Akmercan.
  • 1999 – Yugoslavia and NATO sign the agreement on the withdrawal of Serbian troops from Kosovo. NATO halted airstrikes and officially ended on 20 June.
  • 2019 – Presidential election was held in Kazakhstan. The current president, Kasım Cömert Tokayev, was re-elected president.

births

  • 1640 – Leopold I, House of Habsburg and Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
  • 1672 – Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1774 – Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, Austrian historian, diplomat, and Orientalist (d. 1856)
  • 1781 – George Stephenson, English mechanical engineer (who designed the first steam locomotive, the "Rocket") (d. 1848)
  • 1810 – Otto Nicolai, German opera composer and conductor (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Les Paul, American musician (d. 2009)
  • 1915 – Selim Turan, Turkish painter and sculptor (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Jurij Brezan, German writer (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Robert McNamara, US Secretary of Defense and President of the World Bank (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Eric Hobsbawm, English historian and author (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Sevim Çağlayan, Turkish classical music artist and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Ülkü Erakalın, Turkish director (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Ertan Anapa, Turkish light music artist (d. 1991)
  • 1945 – Betty Mahmudi, American writer and activist
  • 1946 – James Kelman, Scottish writer
  • 1952 – Bülent Ersoy, Turkish music artist
  • 1951 – İsmail Nizamoğlu, Bulgarian origin Turkish wrestler and wrestling trainer
  • 1954 – Jad Fair, American singer, songwriter, and musician
  • 1956 – Patricia Cornwell, American crime writer
  • 1961 – Michael J. Fox, American actor
  • 1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor, screenwriter, director, producer, and musician
  • 1967 – Şoray Uzun, Turkish presenter, screenwriter, director and actor
  • 1968 - Niki Bakogianni, Greek high jumper
  • 1968 – Aleksandr Vladimirovich Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
  • 1973 – Ayşe Tolga, Turkish TV and movie actress
  • 1975 – Otto Addo, German-born Ghanaian national football player
  • 1976 – Sedat Artuç, Turkish weightlifter
  • 1976 – Costas Elia, Cypriot football player
  • 1977 – Tuğba Ekinci, Turkish pop music singer
  • 1978 – Matthew Bellamy, English vocalist
  • 1978 – Miroslav Klose, German football player
  • 1978 – Zeki Kayahan Coşkun, Turkish radio broadcaster
  • 1979 – Dario Dainelli, Italian Footballer
  • 1980 – Navíd Akhavan, Iranian-German film and TV series actor
  • 1981 - Natalie Portman, Israeli actress and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress
  • 1982 – Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
  • 1982 – Ozan Akbaba, Turkish actor
  • 1983 – Zoogen Voorgensen, Dutch anthropologist
  • 1984 – Wesley Sneijder, Dutch football player
  • 1986 – Mërgim Mavraj, German football player
  • 1988 – Tigran Gevorg Martirosyan, Armenian weightlifter
  • 1988 – Sokratis Papastathopulos, Greek national football player
  • 1989 – Danilo Fernando Avelar, Brazilian football player
  • 1992 – Yannick Agnel, French swimmer
  • 1992 – Dennis Appiah, French football player
  • 1994 – Viktor Fischer, Danish national football player
  • 1994 - Keisha Gray, American porn star

Weapon

  • 62 – Claudia Octavia, Roman Empress (b. 39-40)
  • 68 – Nero, Roman Emperor (suicide) (b. 37)
  • 373 – Efrem – Syrian Deacon, religious teacher, theologian and commentator, Father of Syrians (b. 306)
  • 630 – Shahrbaraz, General in the Sassanid Empire (b. ?)
  • 1597 – José de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1534)
  • 1870 – Charles Dickens, English writer (b. 1812)
  • 1894 – Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, German dog breeder (b. 1834)
  • 1910 – Ahmet Samim, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1884)
  • 1926 – Sanford B. Dole, Hawaiian politician (b. 1844)
  • 1927 – Victoria Woodhull, US politician, activist, author, journalist (b. 1838)
  • 1937 – Hüseyin Nurettin Özsu, Turkish soldier (b. 1879)
  • 1946 – Ananda Mahidol, eighth king of the Chakri Dynasty of Siam (b. 1925)
  • 1950 – Mehmet Sadık Kağıtçı, Turkish printer and founder of Ece Agenda (b. 1868)
  • 1958 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Adolf Windaus, German chemist (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Camille Guérin, French veterinarian, bacteriologist, and immunologist (b. 1872)
  • 1972 – Rudolf Belling, German sculptor (b. 1886)
  • 1974 – Miguel Angel Asturias, Guatemalan author, diplomat, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Taha Carım, Turkish diplomat and Turkey's Ambassador to the Vatican (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Enver Tunçalp, Turkish poet and critic (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Ferruh Doğan, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Turker Virtual, Turkish journalist
  • 2005 – Arjan Adarov, Altai writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Ousmane Sembène, Senegalese writer, screenwriter and director (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – MF Husain, Indian painter (b. 1915)
  • 2011 – Josip Katalinski, football player from Bosnia and Herzegovina (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Tomoko Kawakami, Japanese voice actor (b. 1970)
  • 2013 – Iain Banks, Scottish writer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Walter Jens, German philologist, writer and translator (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Rik Mayall, English actor and comedian (b. 1958)
  • 2015 – James Last, German composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Pumpkinhead, American rapper (b. 1975)
  • 2017 – Natig Aliyev, Azerbaijani politician (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Andrzej Baturo, Polish photographer and manager (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Doğan Heper, Turkish journalist and columnist (b. 1937)
  • 2017 – Adam West, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Şenay Aybüke Yalçın, Turkish teacher killed by the PKK (b. 1994)
  • 2018 – Fadil Vokrri, Kosovar football player of Albanian descent (b. 1960)
  • 2019 – İbrahim Balaban, Turkish painter and writer (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Bushwick Bill, Jamaican-American rapper (b. 1966)
  • 2020 – Ayşegül Atik, Turkish TV series actress and theater actress (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Parviz Ebutalib, Iranian football player and manager (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Ödön Földessy, Hungarian Olympic athlete (b. 1929)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Accreditation Day

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