Today in the History of Science: Kodak Company Founded

Eastman Kodak
Eastman Kodak

April 24 is the 114nd (115rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 251.

Today in the History of Science

  • April 24, 1822 Italian physicist, diplomat, historian of science and Catholic priest Giovanni Battista Venturi died.
  • On April 24, 1888, the Eastman Kodak company was founded by inventor George Eastman to sell his revolutionary new, easy-to-carry box camera, roll film he introduced.
  • On April 24, 1928, Herbert Grove Dorsey patented the fatometer.
  • April 24, 1960 German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate Max von Laue dies.
  • On April 24, 1990, the space shuttle Discover, carrying the Hubble Space Telescope, was launched from Cape Canaveral.

Events

  • 1512 - Selim I ascended the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1513 – Battle of Yenişehir, the end of the fight for the throne between Selim I and his older brother Ahmet Sultan.
  • 1558 – Mary I of Scots, Döfen II. She married François at Notre Dame Cathedral.
  • 1704 - America's first newspaper The Boston News-LetterPublished in Boston by John Kampbell.
  • 1800 – The Library of Congress, the world's largest library, is founded.
  • 1830 – The Ottoman Government officially recognized the existence of the Greek State.
  • 1854 – Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth (aka Shisi) married in Augustinerkirche.
  • 1877 – Russia entered Wallachia and Moldavia and declared war on the Ottomans, thus the Ottoman-Russian war, known as the 93 War, began.
  • 1898 - Spain declared war on the USA, rejecting the US request to evacuate the island, which supported Cuba's independence.
  • 1909 – The Movement Army, which came to Istanbul, suppressed the 31 March Uprising.
  • 1915 – 2345 people from prominent Armenian community were arrested in Istanbul.
  • 1916 – The secret nationalist organization "Irish Republican Brotherhood" led by Patrick Pearse launched the Easter Rising against British rule in Dublin with the Post Office Raid.
  • 1920 – Mustafa Kemal was elected to the Presidency of the Grand National Assembly.
  • 1946 – Ulvi Cemal Erkin's “First Symphony” was performed for the first time at Ankara State Conservatory.
  • 1955 – On April 18, in Bandung, Indonesia, the conference of 29 non-aligned African and Asian countries came to an end; In the final declaration, it was requested that colonialism and racism end.
  • 1959 - Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser orders to nationalize Shell and Anglo-Egyptian oil companies.
  • 1972 – Turkish Grand National Assembly; Deniz Gezmiş reaffirmed the death sentences of Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin Inan.
  • 1978 – In the firedamp explosion in the Armutçuk production area of ​​Ereğli Coal Enterprise, 17 workers died.
  • 1980 – A rescue operation to rescue 52 Americans held hostage in Iran results in the deaths of eight US soldiers before the hostages can be rescued.
  • 2001 – Ankara DGM Chief Public Prosecutor's Office completed the investigation regarding the "White Energy Operation" and filed a lawsuit.
  • 2004 – Referendum on the Annan Plan was held in Cyprus. The plan accepted by the Turkish side could not be implemented as a result of the Greek side's rejection.
  • 2007 – Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced that they would nominate Abdullah Gül for the Presidency. Abdullah Gül applied to the Presidency of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey for the candidacy of the 11th President of Turkey.
  • 2012 – US President Barack Obama used the expression “Meds Yeghern”, which means “Great Disaster”, as it was last year, in his speech on April 1915, which was chosen by Armenians as the day to commemorate the events in 24.

Births

  • 1575 – Jakob Böhme, German Christian mystic (d. 1624)
  • 1721 – Johann Kirnberger, German composer and theorist (d. 1783)
  • 1767 – Jacques-Laurent Agasse, Swiss painter (d. 1849)
  • 1787 – Mathieu Orfila, Spanish-born French medical educator (d. 1853)
  • 1812 – Walthère Frère-Orban, Belgian politician and statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1825 – Robert Michael Ballantyne, Scottish writer (d. 1894)
  • 1845 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet, author, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Philippe Pétain, President of Vichy France (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – John Russell Pope, American architect (b. 1937)
  • 1876 ​​– Erich Raeder, German admiral (d. 1960)
  • 1880 – Gideon Sundback, Swedish inventor (d. 1954)
  • 1901 – Talat Artemel, Turkish theater and cinema artist (d. 1957)
  • 1905 – Robert Penn Warren, American poet, fiction writer, and Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1989)
  • 1906 William Joyce, American Nazi propagandist (d. 1946)
  • 1924 – Nahuel Moreno, Argentine Trotskyist leader (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – Ferit Tuzun, Turkish composer (d. 1977)
  • 1934 – Shirley MacLaine, American actress, author, and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress
  • 1936 – Jill Ireland, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Joe Henderson, American jazz musician (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Hasanaga Turabov, Azerbaijani actress (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat, magazine publisher, and author (d. 2010)
  • 1942 – Barbra Streisand, American singer, actress, director, and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress
  • 1952 – Jean-Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer
  • 1960 – Philip Absolon, English painter
  • 1961 – Mehmet Uslu, Turkish TV series and film actor (d. 2018)
  • 1961 – Erol Budan, Arabesque music artist
  • 1964 – Djimon Hounsou, Benin-born American actor
  • 1968 – Aidan Gillen, Irish film, stage and television actor
  • 1968 – Hashim Thaci, Kosovo politician and President of Kosovo
  • 1969 – Gülşah Alkoçlar, Turkish actress
  • 1971 – Stefania Rocca, Italian actress
  • 1973 – Damon Lindelof, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1976 – Steve Finnan, Irish football player
  • 1978 – Mert Kılıç, Turkish actor and model
  • 1980 – Pınar Soykan, Turkish singer
  • 1982 - Kelly Clarkson, American singer
  • 1983 – Xetaq Qazyumov, Azerbaijani wrestler
  • 1985 – Ismael Gómez Falcón, Spanish football player
  • 1990 – Jan Veselý, Czech basketball player
  • 1991 – Batuhan Karadeniz, Turkish football player
  • 1992 – Joe Keery, American actor and musician
  • 1994 – Vedat Muriqi, Kosovan football player

Deaths

  • 1513 – Ahmed Sultan, II. Bayezid's eldest son and Governor of Amasya
  • 1731 – Daniel Defoe, English writer (b. 1660)
  • 1822 – Giovanni Battista Venturi, Italian physicist, diplomat, historian of science, and Catholic priest (b. 1746)
  • 1852 – Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1884 – Marie Taglioni, Italian ballerina (b. 1804)
  • 1891 – Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke, Prussian field marshal (b. 1800)
  • 1926 – Sunjong, second and last emperor of Korea and last ruler of Joseon (b. 1874)
  • 1935 – Anastasios Papulas, commander-in-chief of the Greek forces (b. 1857)
  • 1941 – Sisowath Monivong, King of Cambodia (b. 1875)
  • 1951 – Eugen Müller, II. Nazi general who served in the Wehrmacht during World War II (b. 1891)
  • 1960 – Max von Laue, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – George Relph, English actor (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Vladimir Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut and the first person to die during a space mission (b. 1927)
  • 1974 – Bud Abbott, American actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Alejo Carpentier, Cuban writer (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Ville Ritola, Finnish long-distance runner (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Erol Güngör, Turkish professor of social psychology (b. 1938)
  • 1984 – Ekrem Hakkı Ayverdi, Turkish writer and engineer (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Aydın Emeç, Turkish journalist and translator
  • 1991 – Ali Rıza Alp, Turkish journalist, writer and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Hasan Dinçer, Turkish politician (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – Feridun Karakaya, Turkish theater and film actor (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Estée Lauder, American entrepreneur, beautician (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Brian Labone, English former international football player (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Alan James Ball, English former international footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2010 – Denis Guedj, French writer (b. 1940)
  • 2010 – Özdemir Özok, Turkish lawyer (b. 1945)
  • 2011 – Ngô Đình Nhu, first lady of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1963 (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Marie-France Pisier, French actress (b. 1944)
  • 2011 – Sri Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru, spiritual figure, philanthropist and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Hans Hollein, Austrian architect and designer (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Sandy Jardine, Scottish international football player and manager (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Michel Lang, French film director and TV producer (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Inge King, German-born Australian sculptor and artist (b. 1915)
  • 2016 – Jules Shungu Wembadio Pene Kikumba, known as: Papa Wembafamous singer and musician, citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1949)
  • 2016 – Klaus Siebert, German biathlete and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2016 – Paul Williams, by stage name Billy Paul, American musician and singer (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Don Gordon, American male film and television actor (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Inga Maria Ålenius, Swedish actress (b.1938)
  • 2017 – Robert M. Pirsig, American author and philosopher (b. 1928)
  • 2018 – Paul Gray, Australian singer-songwriter, pianist and record producer (b. 1963)
  • 2018 – Henri Michel, former French football player (b. 1947)
  • 2019 – Saleh Ahmed, Bangladeshi theater, film and television actor (b. 1936/37)
  • 2019 – Hubert Hahne, German speedway driver (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Jean-Pierre Marielle, French actor (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – Dick Rivers (birth name: Herve Forneri), French singer and actress (b. 1945)
  • 2020 – Ibrahim Amini, Iranian politician and cleric (b. 1925)
  • 2020 – Namio Harukawa, Japanese illustrator of fetish genres (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Francis Lee Strong (known as: grandma lee), American stand-up comedian (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Mircea Mureșan, Romanian film director (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Yukio Okamoto, Japanese diplomat, diplomatic analyst (b. 1945)
  • 2020 – Lynn Faulds Wood, Scottish television presenter, journalist and activist (b. 1948)
  • 2021 – Ana María Casó, Argentine actress and theater director (b. 1937)
  • 2021 – Kalawati Bhuria, Indian female politician (b. 1972)
  • 2021 – Yves Rénier, French actor, director, screenwriter and dubbing artist (b. 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day
  • World Laboratory Animals Day
  • Vaccination Week (24-30 April 2016)

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