Today in the History of Science: Gaspard Monge Is Born

gaspard monge
gaspard monge

May 10 is the 130st day of the year (131nd in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 235.

Today in the History of Science

  • May 10, 1746 French mathematician and founder of Design Geometry Gaspard Monge was born.
  • May 10, 1788 French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel was born.
  • May 10, 1824 – The National Gallery, located in London's Trafalgar Square, was opened to the public.

Events

  • 1497 – Amerigo Vespucci left Cádiz, Spain, for his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1503 - Christopher Columbus arrived in the Cayman Islands and named it "Las Tortugas" because of the numerous sea turtles he saw there.
  • 1556 – Marmara Sea earthquake occurred.
  • 1799 – The Ottoman army under the command of Cezzar Ahmed Pasha defeated the French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte in Akka.
  • 1868 – The Council of State, whose current name is the Council of State, was established.
  • 1872 - Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman to run for President of the United States.
  • 1876 ​​– Press censorship was introduced in the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1908 - Mother's Day was celebrated for the first time in the United States in Grafton, West Virginia.
  • 1919 – Representatives of the Entente States made a decision in Paris on the Greek occupation of Izmir.
  • 1920 - The Communist Party of the USA is founded.
  • 1920 – In New York, multi-billionaire businessman Nelson Rockefeller fired the painter because there was a Lenin picture on the wall panel made by Mexican artist Diego Rivera on the facade of the building he owned, and he smashed the panel.
  • 1921 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha founded the Defense Law Group in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • 1933 – Nazis in Germany; He started to burn the books of authors such as Heinrich Mann, Upton Sinclair, Erich Maria Remarque.
  • 1940 – II. World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1941 – II. World War II: Rudolf Hess secretly parachutes into Scottish soil in hopes of initiating a possible peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany.
  • 1941 – 550 German planes bomb London, about 1400 civilians killed.
  • 1960 - The US nuclear submarine "USS Triton" completed its first underwater voyage around the Earth.
  • 1961 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly adopted the proportional representation election system.
  • 1971 – The martial law law was amended. The detention period was increased to 30 days.
  • 1978 – The historical Çiçek Pasajı in Beyoğlu, Istanbul collapsed. Twelve people were killed and 12 injured under the rubble.
  • 1981 - François Mitterrand became President of France in the third election.
  • 1993 – A fire at the “Kader Toy Factory” in Thailand killed 188 workers, most of whom were young women of almost child age.
  • 1994 – Nelson Mandela, the first black President of the Republic of South Africa, took office.
  • 1996 – It was announced that DYP Chairman Tansu Çiller withdrew 22 billion liras from the hidden appropriation 500 days before leaving the Prime Ministry.
  • 2002 – Reporters Without Borders ends its photo action on the floor of a train station in Paris.
  • 2010 – Deniz Baykal announced that he resigned from the CHP General Presidency.

Births

  • 1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician and founder of Design Geometry (d. 1818)
  • 1788 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor (who assassinated US President Abraham Lincoln) (d. 1865)
  • 1872 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (b. 1950)
  • 1878 – Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor of the German Weimar Republic and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1929)
  • 1890 – Clarence Brown, American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1894 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-American composer (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Christina Montt, Chilean actress (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Fred Astaire, American actor, dancer, and singer (d. 1987)
  • 1902 Anatole Litvak, Jewish-Ukrainian film director and producer (d. 1974)
  • David O. Selznick, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Feridun Çölgeçen, Turkish theater and film actor (d. 1978)
  • 1922 – Vüs'at O. Bener, Turkish writer and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijani statesman and President of Azerbaijan (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Nasuh Akar, Turkish wrestler and Olympic champion (d. 1984)
  • 1930 Fernand Picot, French cyclist (d. 2017)
  • George Smith, American physicist (co-inventor of CCD with Willard Boyle and co-winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics with Willard Boyle and Charles K. Kao)
  • 1931 – Ettore Scola, Italian film director and screenwriter (b. 2016)
  • 1933 - Françoise Fabian, French film actress
  • 1938 – Marina Vlady, French actress
  • 1941 – Aydın Güven Gürkan, Turkish academic and politician (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Marie-France Pisier, French actress (b. 2011)
  • 1947 – Marion Ramsey, American actress, singer, and songwriter (d. 2021)
  • 1948 Meg Foster, American actress
  • Mustafa Akgül, Turkish academic and activist (d. 2017)
  • 1949 – Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Turkish historian and politician
  • 1950 Andrzej Szarmach, Polish football player
  • Salih Mirzabeyoğlu, Kurdish-born Turkish poet and writer (leader of the Islamic Great Eastern Raiders Front (İBDA/C) organization) (d. 2018)
  • 1953 – Aydın Babaoğlu, Turkish film actor (d. 2009)
  • 1956 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television reporter (d. 1995)
  • 1957 – Sid Vicious, British musician and Sex Pistols bassist (d. 1979)
  • 1960 Merlene Ottey, Jamaican athlete
  • Bono, Irish musician and U2 frontman
  • 1961 – Bruno Wolkowitch, French actor
  • 1966 – Mustafa Yıldızdoğan, Turkish singer, composer and poet
  • 1967 – Bob Sinclar, French producer and DJ
  • 1969 – Dennis Bergkamp, ​​Dutch football player
  • 1971 – Kim Jong-nam, North Korean soldier, politician, and eldest son of former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il (d. 2017)
  • 1972 – Christian Worns, German football player
  • 1973 Mahmud Qurbanov, Azerbaijani football player
  • Rustu Recber, Turkish football player
  • 1974 Séverine Caneele, Belgian film actress
  • Sylvain Wiltord, French football player
  • 1975 – Merih Ermakastar, Turkish singer and film actress
  • 1977 – Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver
  • 1978 Lâlle Selma, King of Morocco VI. Mohammed's wife
  • Mithat Demirel, Turkish-German basketball player
  • 1979 – Marieke Vervoot, Belgian Paralympic female athlete (d. 2019)
  • 1980 – Zaho, Algerian-born French singer
  • 1981 – Humberto Suazo, Chilean football player
  • 1982 – Farid Mansurov, Azerbaijani wrestler
  • 1984 – Asli Enver, Turkish actress
  • 1988 - Adam Lallana, English football player
  • 1990 – Ivana Španović, Serbian long jumper
  • 1991 – Tim Wellens, Belgian road cyclist
  • 1995 - Missy Franklin, American swimmer
  • 1995 – Aya Nakamura, Malian-French pop singer
  • 1995 – Gabriella Papadakis, French ice dancer
  • 1995 – Hidemasa Morita, Japanese football player
  • 1997 – Enes Unal, Turkish football player
  • 2001 – Mustafa Kurtuldu, Turkish basketball player

Deaths

  • 1424 – Go-Kameyama, 99th Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 1347)
  • 1482 – Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, Italian mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1397)
  • 1566 – Leonhart Fuchs, German physician and botanist (b. 1501)
  • 1657 – Gustav Horn, Swedish soldier and Governor-General (b. 1592)
  • 1696 – Jean de La Bruyere, French writer (b. 1645)
  • 1712 – Yevdokiya Alekseyevna, Tsar of Russia (b. 1650)
  • 1737 – Nakamikado, 114th Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 1702)
  • 1774 – XV. Louis, King of France (b. 1710)
  • 1798 – George Vancouver, English sailor (b. 1757)
  • 1807 – Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, French soldier (b. 1725)
  • 1829 – Thomas Young, English scholar and linguist (b. 1773)
  • 1850 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist and physicist (b. 1778)
  • 1863 – Stonewall Jackson, American soldier and Confederate States military commander (b. 1824)
  • 1889 – Mikhail Yevgrafovich Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist and novelist (b. 1826)
  • 1904 – Henry Morton Stanley, American journalist (b. 1841)
  • 1938 – William Eagle Clarke, British ornithologist (b. 1853)
  • 1959 – Leslie Knighton, English manager (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Hal Mohr, American cinematographer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Necdet Tosun, Turkish cinema artist (b. 1926 )
  • 1977 – Joan Crawford, American actress (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Peter Weiss, German writer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Yves Robert, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Ahmet Tufan Şentürk, Turkish poet (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Leyla Gencer, Turkish opera singer (b. 1928)
  • 2011 – Norma Zimmer, American singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Günther Kaufmann, German actress (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Chris Burden, American performance artist (b. 1946)
  • 2016 – Mustafa Bedreddin, Lebanese politician and Military Forces Commander of Hezbollah (b. 1961)
  • 2016 – Riki Sorsa, Finnish singer (b. 1952)
  • 2016 – Steve Smith, Canadian professional mountain biker (b. 1989)
  • 2017 – Emmanuèle Bernheim, French writer and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2017 – Geoffrey Bayldon, British actor (b. 1924)
  • 2017 – Nelson Xavier, Brazilian actor and film director (b. 1941)
  • 2017 – Silvano Basagni, Italian shooting athlete (b. 1938)
  • 2018 – David Goodall, English-Australian environmental scientist, botanist and activist (b. 1914)
  • 2018 – Scott Hutchison, Scottish singer, songwriter and musician (b. 1981)
  • 2018 – Yevgeni Vasyukov, Russian-Soviet chess player (among the Chess Grandmasters) (b. 1933)
  • 2019 – Frederick Brownell, South African flag, weapons designer, businessman, and genealogist (b. 1940)
  • 2019 – Bert Cooper, American professional boxer (b. 1966)
  • 2019 – Janet Kitz, Scottish-British-Canadian educator, author, and historian (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Spanish socialist politician (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Abdikani Mohamed Wa'ays, Somali politician and diplomat (b. ?)
  • 2020 – Betty Wright, American Soul, R&B singer and songwriter (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – David Corrêa, Brazilian singer and songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2020 – Djoko Santoso, Indonesian soldier and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Frances Kinne, American educator and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2020 – Hari Vasudevan, Indian historian (b. 1952)
  • 2020 – Hayri Nazarova, Tajik actress (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Mare Vint, Estonian graphic artist (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Nita Pippins, nurse, American AIDS activist (b. 1927)
  • 2020 – Sérgio Sant'Anna, Brazilian writer (b. 1941)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Psychologists Day
  • Flower Day in Azerbaijan

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