Waste money? According to the National Environment Strategy sub-title of the EU Environment title, 10 billion euros must be invested in the industrial treatment sector in the next 58.5 years.
Industrial treatment is a sector that is 'noticeable' in Turkey after 1980. Until that day, domestic and industrial wastes were left to nature. In recent years, it has been realized that garbage has a serious economic value. However, according to the sector actors, who are of the opinion that the lack of inspection, waste inventory and government incentives in the sector cause investors to look at the sector shyly, another obstacle to investment is the understanding of "waste money".
According to the news of Fatma Akman from kobiden.com; sector actors, emphasizing the vital importance of industrial treatment, in other words, environment and waste management, for sustainable development, think that the sector will develop rapidly in the next 10 years. Stating that one of the main problems of the sector is 'non-operational treatment plants', the actors of the sector state that these facilities arise from tenders with projects or from imported projects that are not designed according to the needs of the company. The representatives of the sector, who stated that they had to participate in the tenders with the construction companies in the project tenders, argue that this situation leads to unfair competition and that it does not matter whether the facilities are working efficiently or effectively. On the other hand, it is stated that in the first failure experienced in imported projects, problems such as after-sales technical support or spare parts arise. Sector representatives, who are in agreement that universities and the treatment sector should increase their R&D activities and switch to domestic production in order to overcome this problem, point out that Turkey has sufficient know-how, sufficient capacity in the academic field and in the discipline of environmental engineering. Sector representatives come together on a common ground that this field should be supported with incentives for the existence and sustainability of the sector.
Waste import prohibited, export free
Saying that the legal framework of the industry is drawn by the 'Regulation on Control of Hazardous Wastes', industry representatives point out that there is a list of 843 items in the regulation, sorted by industry and content, and that all items in that list are described as 'hazardous waste'. Noting that one of the biggest handicaps in front of the industrialization of the industrial treatment sector is the lack of a national waste inventory, the representatives of the sector state that the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization accepts the annual amount of industrial waste as 1 million 200 thousand tons. Pointing out that approximately one third of this amount is not under control, industry actors note that approximately 800 thousand tons of waste is treated. Emphasizing that all steps in the industry should be carried out by companies licensed by the ministry, industry representatives state that there is a problem in this area as well, and that unlicensed companies in the industry are another obstacle to the creation of a national waste inventory.
While the sector representatives pointed to the importance of the 'EU Environment' chapter opened in December 2009, according to the sub-title of the National Environment Strategy, an investment of 10 billion euros in the environment in Turkey, of which 9.5 billion euros is related to solid waste, in the next 58.5 years. needs.
Saying that the importation of hazardous waste to Turkey is strictly prohibited, sector representatives state that exporting waste is possible, but it is not easy to export. Stating that the plants in Europe came to Turkey to search for waste because the industry moved out of the Continental Europe, the sector representatives stated that the increase in the number of licensed companies would bring great benefits in this field as well.
“Household waste is a more serious problem”
Finally, the representatives of the sector, who stated that domestic wastes affect the industrial treatment sector, point out that domestic waste is a more serious problem than industrial waste. Sector representatives state that household waste should be sorted 'on-site' as plastic, paper, glass, organic and metal, while accumulating unsorted garbage in wild landfills causes an economic and environmental weakness. Sector actors, who argue that raising awareness of consumers will positively affect the industrial treatment sector, assume that each household in Turkey produces an average of 1 kg of waste per day. This amount means that a total of 25-26 million tons of domestic waste, 'garbage' as we know it, is produced every year. Industry representatives assume that today 60 percent of this garbage is brought under control in landfills, while the rest is still collected in wild landfills. Noting that sanitary landfills have been created in nearly all of the metropolitan and provincial centers in the last 5 to 10 years, the sector actors draw attention to the fact that on-site sorting of household wastes will maximize the amount of recycled waste, which has serious benefits for the economy and the environment.